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Anxiety Disorders Physical Exercise These Healthy Effects

 Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders indicated by excessive stress and fear. There are several types of this anxiety disorder according to the symptoms it causes. Anxiety disorders can be treated, including physical exercise. What kind of physical exercise anxiety disorder should you do?



Anxiety Disorders Physical Exercise These Healthy Effects


Anxiety disorders are very common, with estimates of global prevalence ranging from 3.8% - 25%. Anxiety disorders have a severe impact on daily functioning and quality of life. Anxiety disorders have a high rate of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders and are also closely associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease.


Conventional treatments for anxiety disorders include drug therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and a combination of the two. Although these conventional treatments are effective in relieving symptoms of anxiety, a third of patients discontinue treatment because of their ineffectiveness. In addition, the above-mentioned treatment methods also have many practical difficulties in the specific implementation process.


For the treatment, physical exercise anxiety disorder has also been developed. Research has shown that exercise can be effective in improving mental symptoms, from schizophrenia to dementia. Physical exercise is a common type of exercise and a structured form of exercise aimed at improving physical health. Exercise includes both relaxing activities (such as walking to the store) and physical activity (walking on a treadmill at the gym).


The antidepressant effect of physical exercise has a long history. Research reports that, for certain groups, the antidepressant effect of exercise is superior to that of antidepressants and psychotherapy. In the area of ​​mental illness, physical exercise has a wider range of benefits for patients, including improving quality of life, reducing stress, and most importantly, improving physical health. In addition, exercise can also help improve daily functions with few side effects. Studies have found that exercise training can improve neurocognitive function in patients with schizophrenia and depression.


In recent years, several studies have found that physical exercise can help prevent and treat anxiety disorders, and can improve mental and physical symptoms at the same time, bringing wider benefits to patients with anxiety disorders.


Several studies have found that exercise reduces the risk of developing an anxiety disorder and reduces the frequency of severe anxiety symptoms. This evidence suggests that exercise appears to have a protective effect on symptoms of anxiety and anxiety disorders.


Exercise can be effective as a sole or adjunct treatment for relieving symptoms of anxiety. Studies also show that exercise can reduce symptoms of trauma and stress-related disorders. A recent study found that in addition to cognitive behavioral therapy, aerobic exercise can relieve panic disorder and agoraphobia. In addition, exercise intervention also improved anxiety symptoms in patients with chronic diseases.


The available evidence strongly recommends that physical exercise can provide broad relief from anxiety symptoms with the advantages of low cost and low risk, implying that this approach may be an effective treatment option for anxiety, and its antidepressant properties. The following are the effects of physical exercise anxiety disorder in influencing the physiological and psychological mechanisms of sufferers:


• Physical exercise plays a role in regulating stress on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis or the glucocorticoid cycle.


• Physical exercise stimulates a series of important neural processes that maintain brain function, stimulating neurogenesis and angiogenesis.


• Exercise can help relieve symptoms of anxiety by improving the function of brain areas specifically associated with anxiety or stress. For example, the hippocampus is an intrinsic region that regulates the HPA stress response, and hippocampal function is impaired in patients with PTSD. Exercise can effectively improve the function of the hippocampus, thereby enhancing the regulation of the stress response and relieving PTSD symptoms.


• Effects of exercise on the inflammatory system: The inflammatory system is associated with the occurrence and severity of anxiety disorder symptoms. In particular, elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine C-reactive protein (CRP) and impaired anti-inflammatory response to glucocorticoids due to long-term dysfunctional HPA may trigger inflammation, while exercise has anti-inflammatory effects mediated by inflammatory pathways. increase anxiety.


• Exercise can act on the endocannabinoid system, increase blood levels of endocannabinoids, and regulate other neurotransmitters (such as dopamine), resulting in anxiolytic effects.


• Exercise also reduces anxiety through a series of psychological mechanisms. such as reducing anxiety sensitivity. Several studies have found that exercise produces physiological responses (such as increased heart rate) in states of high anxiety without subjective feelings of negative anxiety, and reduces anxiety by encouraging people to associate these physiological experiences with pleasurable feelings.

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