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Mention the Consequences of Misuse of Psychotropic Substances

Mention the Consequences of Misuse of Psychotropic Substances - Psychotropic substance abuse can be defined as the use of excessive substances for the purpose of changing the mind and mood. As a result of overuse of psychotropic substances, the normal work of the brain falters. The effect is to limit skills to focus on the things that you can generally focus on.

In long-term use, users will face dependence on these substances as a result of chemical changes taking place in their brains. Substitution like that makes it very difficult for addicts to leave the use of these substances. Some of the commonly abused substances include alcohol, marijuana, narcotics and opiates (including heroin and pain relievers available with formulas), stimulants (including cocaine, methamphetamine, and amphetamine available in formulas such as Adderall), hallucinogens (including ecstasy, LSD, and PCP), and central nervous system depressants (including sedatives, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates).

Mention the Consequences of Misuse of Psychotropic Substances


Triggers and Risk Aspects of Psychotropic Substance Abuse

There are no specific triggers identified as one of the reasons why some people get addicted to psychotropic substances. But it is believed that it is a mixture of various aspects at this base:

• Genetic factors: Research shows that substance addiction tends to run in members of the same family, leading to the conclusion that there is a strong genetic link in the development of drug addiction and abuse. People with early-stage siblings such as biological relatives or biological parents who are addicted to psychotropic substances certainly have a greater risk of facing addiction.

• Physical factors: The chemical composition of drugs has an impact on the brain's communication system and creates obstacles in the way cells process data properly. The longer the substance abuse lasts, the more likely it is to cause permanent damage to the layers of the communication system, leading to physical dependence.

• Area factors: Many experts believe that the area aspect can determine whether a person can be addicted to drugs or not. For example, people who face chronic stress in their daily lives may find relief from drug use. Not only that, people who have been victims of physical and/or intimate violence can also face dependence on psychotropic substances because these substances help eliminate the negative experiences experienced.


Characteristics and Indications of Psychotropic Substance Abuse

The characteristics and indications that may indicate a person has a psychotropic substance abuse problem vary widely depending on the type of substance defined, the frequency of abuse, and the length of time the person has abused the substance. It can be said that the consequences of the abuse of psychotropic substances are:


Attitude indication:

• Changes in peer groups

• Stop participating in activities that used to be fun

• Periods of extreme lethargy

• Periods of extreme hyperactivity

• Social isolation

• Engage in reckless behavior

• Disturbances in personal bonds

• How to speak very quickly or slowly


Physical indications:

• Changes in diet

• Changes in sleep patterns

• Nausea and vomiting

• Distorted vision

• Headache

• Muscle tension

• Diarrhea

• Coordination disorders


Cognitive indications:

• Changed state of mind

• Disorientation

• Difficulty concentrating

• Confusion

• Memory impairment

• Paranoid


Psychosocial indications:

• Changes in the atmosphere of the heart

• Excessive irritability

• Excessive agitation

• High level of anxiety

• High-grade depression

• Diminished attention to things that were previously interesting

• Suicidal thoughts

Consequences of Misuse of Psychotropic Substances

Similarly, the long-term effects of psychotropic substance abuse vary depending on the type of substance involved and the duration and frequency of use. The very universal effects of psychotropic substance abuse can include:

• General decline in mental health

• Malnutrition

• Insomnia or hypersomnia

• Irreversible cognitive impairment

• Memory loss

• Infected with viruses such as HIV/AIDS

• Comma

• Heart attack

• Suicidal thoughts and attitudes

• Accidental overdose

• Dead


Effects of Withdrawing Drugs and Overdose

When people are addicted or dependent on a substance and immediately stop using it, they are likely to experience unpleasant symptoms during the period of withdrawal. Depending on the substance used, withdrawal indications can range from mild to very severe. The following are some examples of the effects that can be caused by dropping out of drugs or withdrawal:

• Cravings or strong will

• Nausea and vomiting

• Agitation

• Depression

• Worry

• Panic

• Pale and moist skin

• Hot flashes and chills

• Shaking

• Excessive sweating

• Pain in the muscles

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