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Excessive use of drugs is called an overdose, what are the dangers for teenagers?

 Drug use among teenagers is more common in recent years in our country. Excessive drug use is called an overdose which can be fatal. Excessive drug use among others can cause serious brain dysfunction and developmental and behavioral disorders.


Adolescents who use drugs often have difficulty establishing their own identity, interpersonal (including family) relationships, and normal physical and mental independence. Abuse of this toxic substance can also affect the cognitive (learning) skills of adolescents, which reduces achievement in school.


By far, the most dangerous side effect of drug use is the emergence of addiction, which consequently leads to chronic abuse of these substances. There are personal, family or social factors that can increase the risk of drug consumption. Its final estuary is leading to chronic addiction and abuse.


Personal Risk Factors


Personal risk factors include genetic factors. People with drug abuse usually have a family history of consuming and abusing the toxic substance. There are various medical studies that point to the fact that there are various genetic predisposing factors which in combination with environmental factors can lead to certain types of drug abuse.


Personality type and temperament are other personal factors. Adolescents with rebellious behavior, against their parents, who have feelings of guilt or failure are more likely to take drugs. The search for "strong" sensations or a tendency to engage in potentially dangerous activities can also increase the desire to try drugs.


Age is another factor that influences drug consumption. Teenagers are often curious about the sensations or effects these drugs have on themselves. The environment and misinformation in the media stimulate curiosity, often a small impulse is enough to secretly try this substance.


Family Risk Factors


While family risk factors include a family history of drug use. A study showed that a teenager whose parents consumed alcohol or other drugs had a 3 times greater risk of also becoming an addict compared to other teenagers.


Disorganized family life is another important factor in the tendency of drug consumption by adolescents. Families where there are various conflicts or physical or sexual violence, intense mental stress, have a high risk of taking drugs. Emotional compensation and family warmth are important in any family that wants their child to avoid such abuse


Inadequate parental involvement in adolescent education and life also increases the risk of substance abuse and addiction. Extreme education, such as severe punishment (often physical) or increased parental permissiveness, increases the risk of drug abuse (especially alcohol, tobacco and light drugs).


Social Risk Factors


Social risk factors include easy access to various types of drugs. The relative ease of procuring cigarettes, alcohol, the free circulation of drugs, an inappropriate environment and no less important, increasing community tolerance, have contributed to the emergence of drug abuse and addiction in adolescents. The presence of alcohol and cigarettes in the home has the same negative effect on teens who are tempted to try them.


The wrong environment is a very important risk factor in the occurrence of abuse and addiction in adolescents. Because the group is an ideal environment for the emergence of desire to try these toxic substances (especially marijuana, alcohol, hallucinogenic drugs). The media that advertises alcohol, cigarettes or drugs also has an effect. There is a mentality among teenagers that the use of toxic substances is fashionable and increases popularity, success, and sex appeal.


Sometimes it is quite difficult for parents or family members to identify problems related to consumption of toxic substances among adolescents. Some parents suspect the possibility of drug use in the case of teenagers who exhibit abnormal behavior (negativism, rejection, isolation), although these behaviors can be considered normal at this age. The role of parents who must always be aware of the possibility of drug abuse can be done by carefully observing changes in behavior, changes in physical appearance, attitudes towards close people, etc.

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