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How to Prevent HIV Disease

 The number of sexually transmitted diseases continues to increase in the world. One of them is carrying out risky sex bonds. Sometimes they conclude that they are infected with venereal disease, and HIV which in turn causes AIDS. AIDS is a disease that affects the human body's immunity that can cause death. What is the method of avoiding HIV disease?

How to Prevent HIV Disease


What is HIV?


HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). The HIV virus belongs to the lentivirus retrovirus family. The HIV virus has a unique structure. It is circular in shape and has a diameter of about 100 nm. The outer structure of the HIV virus is a lipoprotein with glycoproteins. In the center of the molecule can be distinguished genetic module (2 strands of RNA) surrounded by a capsid.


A very frequently asked question is: how does HIV infect? Inflammation of HIV can be established in 3 main ways. The first is intimate contact without wearing a condom. HIV transmission can also occur through contaminated blood, which penetrates our circulatory system. The risk is increased with blood transfusions and with contaminated needles. HIV inflammation can also occur during childbirth or while breastfeeding (from an infected mother to her child).


At this point it should be emphasized that HIV cannot be spread through the air. Therefore, if you are with someone who is HIV positive, you don't need to be afraid of getting infected through sneezing or coughing. In addition, you will not get infected if you come into contact with sweat, tears, or urine (as long as there is no blood in it).


Methods to Avoid HIV Disease


Sexual intercourse increases the risk of HIV infection and, consequently, can develop AIDS. HIV is spread mainly through intimate contact. The virus, which can be found in the blood of a sick person, but also in semen or vaginal discharge, penetrates the blood of a healthy person through minor damage to the skin or mucosa. The best way to prevent HIV disease is to stay away from risky sex and the following signs: loyalty to a partner, stay away from drugs, choose tattoo and piercing salons carefully.


It must be emphasized that condoms are one of the contraceptive tools that have been proven to be efficient in preventing HIV so far. Therefore, free sex, is having sex with someone we do not know well, should only be tried by using a condom. Otherwise, the risk of HIV transmission is much greater. It has also been shown to be greater in women than men, because women's mucous membranes are easily irritated, and viruses can easily penetrate them.


One way to make sure that we are not being carried away is to do an HIV test. If we change partners frequently- such tests should be tried from time to time. Likewise, if we have recently engaged in risky intimate behavior – in this case, we should also go through a check. HIV testing is mandatory for anyone who:


• Have had intimate contact with people who are not known, people who are HIV-positive, people who change partners or intimate companions.

• Anyone who has many companions or intimate companions.

• Having sex without a condom or with a condom.

• Have had intimate widespread disease.

• Have had contact with people who inject drugs.

• Injectable drugs.

• Doing tattoos or piercings in an unsterile state.

• Under the influence of drugs, he runs out of patience or consciousness and has no memory of what happened to him.


Continue to be a large number of intimate companions, continues to be a large risk of HIV inflammation. The best way to stay away from illness is to stay in a monogamous bond where both partners are loyal to each other. Of course, because of the variety of alibis, such a model of behavior does not satisfy everyone, and that does not mean that such people should conform to the monogamous bond model. You can have many partners, but by exploring comfortable sex rules, using condoms, you can't get the virus. However, the risks are still greater than in the bond of loyalty to one person.


Injecting drugs is one aspect of the risk of HIV inflammation. Currently, thanks to deterrence measures, such as the distribution of single-use syringes by volunteers in the drug addict community, the percentage of people infected with HIV by this method is very small. However, this may still exist if the injection equipment used was previously used by someone else.

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