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Recognizing the Characteristics of Bipolar

Recognizing the Characteristics of Bipolar - Bipolar disorder (bipolar disorder) was formerly called manic-depressive illness or psychosis or cyclophrenia. The characteristic features of bipolar disorder are characterized by episodes of mental distress, mania/hypomania, or combined episodes. Between these episodes, there is generally a period of remission, i.e. there are no indications at all or some mild indications.



What is Bipolar


Bipolar disorder is the second very universal trigger of mental disability. Generally starting at a young age (before the age of 35), combined with a very large indication relapse, giving a real donation, negative consequences in all aspects of the patient's life (social, family, to be reliable, economic situation, may manifest a person's intellectual abilities. ).


This disease poses many diagnostic difficulties. Expedition and its prognosis are primarily influenced by early assessment, and implementation as quickly as possible and the systematic use of appropriate specialist care. Efficient treatment is possible, but what is required is an intensive collaboration between the patient and the doctor.


We often think of bipolar disorder as not just one particular illness, but a group of affective disorders. It is a mood disorder characterized by depressive, manic, hypomanic, or a combination episodes of the umpteenth with varying forms, severity, duration, and response to treatment.


Bipolar Indication


Episodes of mental stress are manifested by a gradual disappearance of the mood of the heart, namely sadness, exhaustion of joy and attention. In patients with mental stress, especially after an episode of mania/hypomania, they will face a decrease in energy and life activities. Other signs that may also appear such as:


• Gradual loss of life force.

• fatigue.

• difficulty initiating or making simple decisions or daily activities (such as getting out of bed, doing cleaning tasks).

• Slowing of thinking and expression.

• Impaired concentration and attention.

• Memory impairment.


The mental stress of bipolar disorder is often accompanied by excessive sleepiness during the day and at night (hypersomnia). Usually there is a decrease in sex drive and appetite problems. There may also be an increase in feelings of tension and worry. Changes in mood, tendency to be irritable and easily irritated. Mental stress in people with bipolar disorder can also lead to a desire to die, thoughts of suicide, and ultimately suicidal tendencies.


Manic episodes are signaled by a significantly increased mood, namely feelings of happiness and excitement that are excessive (euphoria), usually not adjusted to the atmosphere, but also cheerful and hyperactive. A manic condition of a sufferer can quickly move from feelings of extreme pleasure to irritability and even aggression or hostility. Sometimes the tendency to dominate, to impose one's own plans and ideas and to impose one's own will on others. In a manic episode, verbal contact with the patient can be difficult, the patient often has a quick dialogue, says many different threads (word of mouth), and it is difficult to interrupt his conversation.


Hypomanic episodes, compared with manic episodes, are signaled by fewer and lighter indications and of shorter duration. Sufferers face an increase in mood and psychomotor impulses. Increased joy and satisfaction with life and energy and life activities, decreased need for sleep, slightly increased speed of thought.


A person with hypomania can perform many different activities but he generally doesn't complete them or abandon them. Inhibition of concentration and attention is a phenomenon that often occurs in hypomania. Appetite can be reduced but it can also be the opposite. Patients often do not think they are sick and need treatment. He was also not sure if he had to take treatment.


Combined episodes are manifested by the simultaneous development of indications of mental distress and mania/hypomania. Psychomotor slowing can be accompanied by mental acceleration, anxiety, and irritability. Greater activity can be accompanied by feelings of sadness, a loss of joy and meaning in life, and thoughts of suicide.


The period of remission in bipolar disorder is a condition without indications or with little or little indication of disease. Even if there are no or slight increases in symptoms of disease, periods of remission very often require further visits by a psychiatrist and systematic use of medication to avoid relapses.

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