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What is Excessive Anxiety Disease

Anxiety disorders (also called neuroses) are one of the most common mental illnesses. Neurosis is characterized by excessive, unpleasant, and repetitive anxiety. This excessive anxiety disease is different from psychosis, there is no personality disorder and a disturbance in the perception of reality.



Anxiety Is A Normal Reaction


Both anxiety and stress are natural human emotions. This is an important defense and adaptation mechanism that helps us in certain situations (eg facing exams, presentations, and the like) to concentrate and give maximum performance.


Anxiety is to some extent a normal reaction of the organism to stress, which has an adaptive function and mobilizes energy. However, it should not exceed the tolerable limit i.e. last too long, occur frequently, in too great and insufficient intensity.


We speak of anxiety disorders when those defense mechanisms go beyond the physiological framework i.e. become pathological. In this case, anxiety is subjectively perceived as a very unpleasant feeling, often accompanied by symptoms (sweating, cardiac arrhythmias, feelings of tightness and stiffness, and feelings of fainting). According to behavioral theory, mislearning stress coping mechanisms will lead to anxiety disorders.


Symptoms of Excessive Anxiety Disorder


Anxiety as a symptom is a subjective feeling that is felt unpleasant, related to feelings of fear, worry, and threat, which is not related to any particular reason. Common symptoms of anxiety disorder include:


• Anxiety, fear, worry

Depression

• Phobia

• Obsession

• Lack of concentration, irritability, amnesia

• Sleep disturbance, fatigue

• Depersonalization

• Cardiac symptoms: palpitations, tachycardia, chest pain

• Respiratory problems: shortness of breath, asthma

• Gastrointestinal symptoms: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

• Psychogenic pain

• Neurological symptoms: dizziness, muscle tension, loss of sensory function, impaired swallowing

• Symptoms of hot flushes, sweating

• Inefficiency

• Self-harm, suicidal tendencies


A phobia, for example, is a type of excessive anxiety disorder characterized by an uncontrollable and inadequate fear of certain objects or situations. The patient has insight into his illness, he is fully aware of the irrational fear, but he cannot suppress it of his own volition. We know of many different types of phobias, which are named after the object that is the source of the unnatural fear.


Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is another example of an anxiety disorder. It is characterized by so-called intrusive thoughts (alone, unwanted, repetitive thoughts, obsessions) and/or compulsive repetitive actions (compulsions). For example, after leaving the house, a person begins to wonder if he or she has actually locked, turned off, or turned off the gas stove. He felt the tension, the anxiety, the worry that someone would rob him that if he didn't turn off the gas stove it would explode. He had to go back and check everything. After checking (performing compulsions, rituals), the anxiety disappears. The sufferer leaves the house again and everything repeats itself. For example, before he left for work, he had to come back 17 times to check the locked door.


Excessive Anxiety Disease Therapy


The current first-choice treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy. The patient is confronted with a situation that causes him to develop anxiety and is then prevented from performing the rituals/compulsions. Therapy must be "tailored" to the patient, from simpler to more complex.


Another component of treatment may also be pharmacotherapy with the administration of antidepressant drugs. Steps such as relaxation and certain physical activities are also very useful for curing feelings of excessive anxiety.

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