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What is Insomnia

 What is meant by not being able to sleep? At this time there may be many people who suffer from problems not being able to sleep. Not being able to sleep is an obstacle to the normal rhythm and duration of sleep and maintenance. Sleep of a sleepless person is usually shallow and anxious, does not provide a feeling of complete rest.

What is Insomnia

This condition may be short term or persistent for a long time. Generally, not being able to sleep is accompanied by a strong emotional tension that arises in an atmosphere of mental stress. The human body always has its own biological rhythm, including alternating waking and sleeping phases. Incidentally the rhythm falters, especially in today's era which is full of worries and stresses of mind every day.

In the past, the phenomenon of not being able to sleep was mainly associated with older people, but nowadays sleep problems are also experienced in younger people. Today, this type of disease is no longer considered just as an indication that accompanies other diseases, but as a separate disease entity that requires comprehensive treatment in a sleep disorder rehabilitation center.


Main Triggers of Insomnia

The universal concept of sleep disorders is quite broad, although there are some major obstacles, the most universal of which is not being able to sleep. Not only can't sleep, the following are often stated by people with sleep problems:


• Snoring and apnea.

• Excessive sleepiness (eg due to illness).

• Narcolepsy, is an attack of uncontrolled sleepiness at unexpected times.

• Bad dreams.

• Sleepwalking.

• Night cramps in the legs.

If we can't fall asleep instantly, it could be a disease or a negative influence from some aspects. For this alibi is very important to create the trigger for sleep problems. There are various triggers for not being able to sleep:

• External: the influence of factors such as heat, bright light, noise or changing time zones.

• Somatic: the formation of diseases that disturb sleep, for example, frequent urination at night.

• Psychotic: associated with mental stress disorders and various types of fears, delusions.

• Neurogenic: includes damage to the nervous system and impaired function.

• Psychogenic: strong emotional state, stressful thoughts, conflicts with other people.

• Iatrogenic: sleeplessness can occur after consuming alcohol or certain drugs or caffeine.

In older people, not being able to sleep is very often associated with mental problems and mental stress. Psychophysiological disease was ranked second, followed by discontinuation of drugs such as sleeping pills, tranquilizers. Thus, the problem of not being able to sleep can have various triggers. One thing is for sure, not being able to sleep will interfere with daily activities during the day, because the lack of sufficient sleep makes us irritable and makes us feel less good. The risk of not being able to sleep is most important for: postmenopausal women, shift workers, people who have been diagnosed with mental disorders in the past, the elderly.

Insomnia Indications

People with sleeplessness not only find it difficult to fall asleep, but also to always fall asleep. Very often they wake up very early and the quality of their sleep is very poor, which makes it almost impossible to rest. Chronic sleeplessness, which lasts more than a month, usually has a psychological background (anxiety, mental stress) and is associated with somatic diseases, including hormonal disorders.

Not being able to sleep is a problem that occurs in people who abuse alcohol. Not often, sleep problems are primary in nature. In turn, occasional (some days) and short-term (up to 4 weeks) sleeplessness is very often a response to mental stress (eg problems at work, at school, in a relationship) or the consequences of a lifestyle change.

Insomnia Prevention

There are various things that can be tried to avoid or at least reduce the occurrence of sleeplessness such as:


• Increase physical and cognitive activities.

• Eliminate mental tension and avoid conflict.

• Sleep regularly to produce natural reflexes and biological rhythms.

• Avoid short naps during the day.

• Avoiding stressful situations and stimuli in the hours before bedtime, such as controversial dialogues, noise, watching films that stimulate thought pressure or interesting films. Avoid drinking alcohol, coffee and strong tea before bed.

• Relieve tension and mental stress with sedatives or taking sleeping pills but must be used sporadically and not too late (no later than 20:00 and 21:00).

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