Lompat ke konten Lompat ke sidebar Lompat ke footer

What is Opium and its Effects

Alkaloids are plant-produced chemicals that can be highly toxic, affecting the nervous system. Opium is one such example. What is opium and its effects? As is well known, opium is the raw material for the manufacture of opium narcotics, morphine and heroin which cause addiction and can be deadly.

What is Opium and its Effects

What is Opium

Opium is the dried sap of raw poppy seeds. Opium contains many psychoactive alkaloids including morphine, codeine, and thebaine. Opium has been known for centuries and was previously used to relieve pain, as a hypnotic and also to induce hangovers. Currently, opium is mainly used for the production of narcotics with stronger effects, namely morphine and heroin.

Its narcotic properties are due to the content of alkaloids, which are organic compounds of plant origin with strong effects on the nervous system of humans and animals. It is estimated that there are at least 20 types of alkaloids in poppy seed juice including morphine, codeine, thebaine, and papaverine. Some of these alkaloids are used for treatment, for example, codeine, which suppresses the cough reflex, and morphine, which relieves pain.

In higher doses, the opium alkaloids are intoxicating and relaxing, which makes them highly addictive. The most addictive potential is morphine which is isolated from poppy seed juice to obtain a pure white substance with a bitter taste, and is difficult to dissolve in water. Then from morphine, the acetylation process was carried out so that heroin with the strongest effect was obtained.

Opium is one of the oldest psychoactive and analgesic substances known to man. Opium was originally used for healing and ritual purposes in ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, Persia, India and China. Opium is used as an anesthetic during surgical operations and as an analgesic drug, Opium is consumed by smoking it mixed with tobacco or consumed in the form of an alcoholic tincture called laudanum.

Opium was very popular especially in the 19th century in Europe and the United States. The dangerous drug was widely used by intellectuals, artists, travelers, and even priests. Usually opium smokers will be in a tightly closed dark room and will spend hours smoking opium with a long pipe.

Currently, Afghanistan is the world's largest producer of opium. The country is responsible for about 90% of the world's opium production. The soil in Afghanistan is not very fertile and it happens that opium is a plant that does not need special treatment. Rampant poverty levels and a low agricultural culture also led to increased opium production. The ruling Taliban also supports opium production.

Opium Effect

Opium's effects are similar to those of other opiate drugs. It brings the user into a state of relaxation, gives a happy sense of peace, endures pain and eliminates unpleasant thoughts. At the same time, the effect can sharpen the senses of hearing, sight, and smell. Deep relaxation leads to a lack of motivation to act. The condition lasts from one to several hours, and then there is a strong urge to take it again.

Opium effects can be divided into two groups: apparently "positive" and negative. Opium makes its users feel joyful, happy, and relaxed. This type of narcotics makes the user calm and satisfied. However, it was only a visible sensation. Far more disturbing effects are emotional apathy and exhaustion, weakness, motor restlessness, psychomotor slowness, drowsiness, lack of motivation, withdrawal, defensiveness, decreased hunger and sexual arousal.

Opium is a highly addictive drug. Opium addiction develops quickly, even from the first dose. Symptoms of an opium overdose include: difficulty breathing, cyanosis (blue lips and fingertips), drowsiness, cold skin, loose skeletal muscles, slow heart rate, low blood pressure, coma and death from acute respiratory failure.

Posting Komentar untuk "What is Opium and its Effects"